Understanding vaginal yeast infections
Yeast infections are uncomfortable and itchy, and many people don’t like to talk about them. They are quite common among women. About 75 percent of women will have a yeast infection once in their life. A smaller percentage may have recurring or multiple cases.
Yeast infections can happen at any time and for anyone. There are a few things that can make one more prone to getting them. These infections can be removed easily and quickly.
How does it happen
In the vagina, there are many fungi and bacteria that must be kept at very healthy levels. Due to the presence of estrogen, lactobacillus bacteria can grow. This is a bacteria that can end up killing organisms intended to help the vagina and keep it in a healthy balance. If this balance is broken, Candida fungus grows out of control, leading to the development of a yeast infection.
What are the causes of such infections?
There are many reasons why someone can get this type of infection. They include:
Hormones: When you are pregnant, hormonal changes can cause the problem. Menopause, breastfeeding, and the use of birth control pills can also change your vaginal balance.
Diabetes – This is another cause of yeast infections. If diabetes is not controlled the way it should, the mucous membranes get more sugar and this creates a great environment for yeast to thrive.
Antibiotics: These drugs tend to kill many bacteria that live inside the vagina and therefore can throw it off balance and lead to the development of infection.
Vaginal sprays and douches: the use of these types of products is not recommended, especially when they are scented. The vagina maintains its own balance and rarely needs such things. The products can cause a change in the balance, leading to infections that could have been prevented.
Weak immune system: For people who are HIV positive or people with any other type of immune disorder, getting a yeast infection can be very common. That is why it is important to have more tests, especially when the yeast infection is recurrent or does not respond to medication.
Sex: In most cases, yeast infection is not listed as an STI. However, it is important to note that it can be passed on to other people when you have sexual contact. Therefore, it is important to be open about your condition and receive treatment as soon as possible.
The main symptoms of the infection are discomfort and itching. However, there are a few more signs that you can get in case you have it. They include:
• Redness, swelling, or burning of the vulva and vagina. The vulva is the outer part of a woman’s genitalia.
• A thick white discharge, very similar to cottage cheese.
• Painful intercourse
• Burning or pain when urinating
If you suspect you might have an infection, it is always recommended that you see a doctor as soon as possible. Chorus of indulging yourself. It is important to note that the above symptoms are not limited to yeast infections. There are many others that can be presented in this way and only a test can give a real picture. When you get a proper diagnosis, you will get better treatment.